The First Episode Rapid Early Intervention for Eating Disorders‐Upscaled study: Clinical outcomes
Austin, A., Flynn, M., Shearer, J., Long, M., Allen, K., Mountford, V. A., Glennon, D., Grant, N., Brown, A., Franklin‐Smith, M., Schelhase, M., Jones, W. R., Brady, G., Nunes, N., Connan, F., Mahony, K., Serpell, L., & Schmidt, U.
Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Background: First Episode Rapid Early Intervention for Eating
Disorders (FREED) is a service model and care pathway for emerging
adults aged 16 to 25‐years with a recent onset eating disorder (ED) of
<3 years. A previous single‐site study suggests that FREED
significantly improves clinical outcomes compared to treatment‐as‐usual
(TAU). The present study (FREED‐Up) assessed the scalability of FREED. A
multi‐centre quasi‐experimental pre‐post design was used, comparing
patient outcomes before and after implementation of FREED in
Methods: FREED patients (n = 278) were consecutive,
prospectively ascertained referrals to four specialist ED services in
England, assessed at four time points over 12 months on ED symptoms,
mood, service utilization and cost. FREED patients were compared to a
TAU cohort (n = 224) of similar patients, identified
retrospectively from electronic patient records in participating
services. All were emerging adults aged 16–25 experiencing a first
episode ED of <3 years duration.
Results: Overall, FREED patients made significant and rapid
clinical improvements over time. 53.2% of FREED patients with anorexia
nervosa reached a healthy weight at the 12‐month timepoint, compared to
only 17.9% of TAU patients (X2 [1, N = 107] = 10.46, p
< .001). Significantly fewer FREED patients required intensive
(i.e., in‐patient or day‐patient) treatment (6.6%) compared to TAU
patients (12.4%) across the follow‐up period (X2 [1, N = 40] = 4.36, p = .037). This contributed to a trend in cost savings in FREED compared to TAU (−£4472, p = .06, CI −£9168, £233).
Discussion: FREED is robust and scalable and is associated with
substantial improvements in clinical outcomes, reduction in inpatient or
day‐patient admissions, and cost‐savings.
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